Derek Chen

Research Roundup: Less than 10% of Americans have coronavirus antibodies

This week's roundup highlights that fewer than 10% of Americans have antibodies to coronavirus, the gap in partisan thinking between self-identified Democrats, Republicans and Independents narrowed after they experienced California wildfire disasters, and a single gene responsible for electrical abnormality, which increases a patient’s risk for schizophrenia, has been identified.

Research Roundup: Artificial intelligence and medical errors, dissociation brain circuitry, ‘cellular compass’ in plant cells

"We have the ability to build technologies into the physical spaces where health care is delivered to help cut the rate of fatal errors that occur today due to the sheer volume of patients and the complexity of their care,” medicine professor Arnold Milstein told Stanford Engineering News. Ambient intelligence, a subcategory within artificial intelligence, aims to assist people in day-to-day activities, such as in “smart” homes, vehicles or hospitals.

Research Roundup: Vaping and COVID-19, immune systems of severe coronavirus patients, guidelines for reopening schools

The week's roundup found that teenagers and young adults who vape may have a higher risk of developing COVID-19, certain innate immune cells which typically destroy bacteria and viruses are slow to respond to the coronavirus in some patients and identified strict guidelines for reopening schools to protect youth and teachers from coronavirus infections.

Research Roundup: Global methane emissions at all-time high, neuronal pathway prevents relapse, possible drug target to help fight infectious diseases

Global methane emissions have reached an all-time high despite carbon dioxide emissions temporarily dropping due to the coronavirus pandemic, disruption to a neuronal pathway has the potential to treat opioid addiction and the molecular signal CD47 may help the body fight infectious disease, serving as a potential drug target.

Research Roundup: Factors contributing to racism, COVID-19 self-testing kits, preterm births

“People often define racism as disliking or mistreating others on the basis of race. That definition is wrong,” psychology assistant professor Steven Roberts told Stanford News. “Racism is a system of advantage based on race. It is a hierarchy. It is a pandemic. Racism is so deeply embedded within U.S. minds and U.S. society that it is virtually impossible to escape.”

Research Roundup: HIV vaccination, diabetes two-in-one injection, hybrid fish genetics

“Most vaccines aim at stimulating serum immunity by raising antibodies to the invading pathogen,” Bali Pulendran, professor of pathology and microbiology and immunology, told Stanford Medicine News. “This vaccine also boosted cellular immunity, the mustering of an army of immune cells that chase down cells infected by the pathogen. We created a synergy between these two kinds of immune activity.”
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